[arin-ppml] ARIN-prop-173 Revisions to M&A Transfer Requirements - revised

ARIN info at arin.net
Wed Jul 18 18:27:27 EDT 2012

ARIN-prop-173 Revisions to M&A Transfer Requirements

The proposal originator revised the proposal.


Communications and Member Services
American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN)

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ARIN-prop-173 Revisions to M&A Transfer Requirements

Proposal Originator - Marc Lindsey

Date - 18 July 2012

Policy type - Modification to existing policy

Policy term - Permanent

Policy Statement

Delete sections 8.1. and 8.2 in their entirety and replace them with the 

8.1 Principles

ARIN will not transfer the registration of number resources from one 
organization to another unless such transfer complies with this Section 
8. ARIN is tasked with making prudent, fair and expeditious decisions 
when evaluating registration transfer requests.

It should be understood that number resources directly assigned or 
allocated by ARIN are not 'sold' under ARIN administration. Rather, such 
number resources are assigned by ARIN to an organization for its 
exclusive use, provided that any terms of the applicable Registration 
Services Agreement between ARIN and the organization governing the use 
of such number resources continue to be met by such organization. Number 
resources administered and assigned by ARIN are done so according to 
ARIN's published policies.

ARIN directly assigns and allocates number resources, based on justified 
need, to organizations, not to individuals representing those organizations.

The transfer policies in this Section 8 create certain exceptions and 
exclusions for legacy numbers ("grandfather policies").  The grandfather 
policies are intended to satisfy key policy objectives while promoting 
greater participation in the ARIN community by organizations holding 
legacy numbers.  The grandfather policies allow organizations holding 
legacy numbers to retain some of the historic benefits attached to their 
legacy numbers.

The benefits of the grandfather policies are not available for legacy 
numbers if:

(a) they are voluntarily and permanently released by the original 
registrant or its successor (or assign) to an RIR for re-issue to other 
organizations; where such releases are supported by reliable evidence 
retained by ARIN or the applicable RIR of the organization's informed 
and voluntary consent or agreement to permanently release the numbers; or

(b) the original registrant or its successor (or assign) of such number 
enters into an LRSA or RSA expressly referencing the legacy numbers as 
governed by the terms and conditions of an LRSA or RSA.

8.2. Mergers and Acquisitions

When the transfer of any number resource is requested by the current 
registrant or its successor or assign (the "new entity"), ARIN will 
transfer the registration of such number resources to the new entity 
upon receipt of evidence that the new entity lawfully acquired all of 
the current registrant's rights, title and interest in and to the number 
resources, including assets used with such number resources, all as the 
result of a merger, acquisition, reorganization or name change.  ARIN 
will maintain an up-to-date list of acceptable types of documentation. 
Transfers under this Section 8.2 shall not require: (i) the new entity 
to justify its need for the transferred numbers, or (ii) the current 
registrant or the new entity to enter into an LRSA or RSA (or any other 
contract with ARIN) or to be a party to an existing LRSA or RSA (or any 
other contract with ARIN).

Add the following new definition to Section 2:

A "legacy number" means any number resource that meets the following two 

(1) the number resource was issued to an entity (other than a Regional 
Internet Registry) or individual (either, the "original legacy holder") 
prior to ARIN's inception on Dec 22, 1997 by or through an organization 
authorized by the United States to issue such number resources; and

(2) the original legacy holder (or its legal successor or assign) of 
such number resource has not voluntarily and permanently released the 
number resource to a Regional Internet Registry for subsequent 
allocation or assignment in accordance with such RIR's number resource 
policies and membership (or service) agreements.


The current version of 8.2 actually discourages legacy holders from (a) 
updating the registry database, and (b) paying fees to assist with 
records management associated with the ARIN databases.  Some entities 
that currently control resources do not attempt to update the ARIN 
registry records because the current transfer process puts at risk their 
ability to retain and use their numbers.

Under the current process, a legacy holder or its lawful successor must 
first prove that it is the lawful successor (which is necessary and 
appropriate).  But it then must also justify its need to continue using 
the numbers it obtained prior to ARIN's existence.  Once the successor 
entity passes the needs hurdle, it is required by ARIN to execute an RSA 
(not an LRSA) as if the numbers were newly allocated from ARIN's  free 
pool.   The RSA (and LRSA) substantially alters the rights conveyed to 
the successor and subjects its numbers to audit and possible revocation 
under then-current policy.  There is, therefore, very little incentive 
for an M&A successor entity to update the ARIN registry database records.

For non-legacy registrants, the process should also be less burdensome 
and uncertain.  Ensuring the continuity of a company's IP addressing 
scheme as part of an M&A transaction should be within the control of the 
entities directly involved.  ARIN's discretionary approval of transfers 
in this context introduces an undesirable and unnecessary contingency.

Entities concerned about whether their M&A related registration database 
record update request will be rejected by ARIN simply do not attempt to 
fully update the records.

Adopting this policy will minimize the barriers for both legacy and 
non-legacy holders to update the registration databases when changes are 
required to accurately reflect normal corporate reorganization 
activities, which will help increase the accuracy of the registration 
databases, which benefits the community as a whole.

Timetable for implementation - Immediate

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