[arin-ppml] Policy Proposal Idea: Reassignment records for IPv4 End-Users

Adam Thompson athompso at athompso.net
Wed Jul 15 17:42:22 EDT 2015

On 07/14/2015 06:18 PM, Owen DeLong wrote:
> On Jul 14, 2015, at 13:00, Adam Thompson <athompso at athompso.net 
> <mailto:athompso at athompso.net>> wrote:
>> [...] but although there's a good technical and contractual 
>> justification for giving those entities their own distinct subnets, 
>> they have nothing more than a contractual relationship with me. Yet 
>> I'm still not an ISP as far as I'm concerned.
> By policy definition, you are, actually.
> Owen

Yes... in the same way that crossing the street in the middle of the 
block at lunch yesterday, and speeding slightly on the way to work this 
morning, made me a criminal.  Yet, strangely, I don't think of myself as 
a criminal.

One of the things every so-called 'leadership' school teaches is "Never 
give an order you know will not be obeyed".

While it's origins appear to be military, a corollary has been stated[1]:
> “Never pass a law that huge numbers of people will break”. Passing 
> such laws does little or nothing to change human behavior, but does a 
> great deal to undermine the rule of law.
Policymakers are subject to the same forces - if a policy is ignored or 
deliberately violated by a sufficiently large group of affected 
entities, it ceases to be usefully enforceable.  "Sufficiently large" is 
directly relevant to both the enforcement resources available and human 
group dynamics.

As I stated in a previous email, I am personally aware of dozens of 
"enterprises" who have partially-ceded control of their IP address 
assignment to 3rd-parties for entirely valid, normal, non-ISP-like 
reasons.  Off the top of my head, extranets, HVAC systems, and security 
systems all come to mind.  (For clarity, yes, I'm still talking about 
the public portable address space.)
IMHO, it doesn't make sense to suddenly call them ISPs unless renting IP 
address space is a noticeable part of their business, or perhaps if a 
substantial part of their allocation is partially under someone else's 

If you think it does make sense to call them an ISP, then I think that's 
a signal that it's high time to discard the distinction between ISP and 
Enterprise, and move to a fee-for-service model instead.

My understanding - and this could easily be wrong - is that the 
distinction originally came into being because of the different amounts 
of effort required on ARIN's part to service the customer; an ISP was 
expected to cause significantly more work over a year than an enterprise.

I get that as an enterprise, paying the lower fee structure, I shouldn't 
have access to all the "features" an ISP - paying the higher fees - 
does.  That's fairly straightforward.  But on the flip side, some ISPs 
are SWIPing and requesting new allocations all day long, but some only 
do it once a year.  Lumping them together isn't fair, either... if an 
ISP never delegated address blocks and had relatively static 
requirements, why on earth would they self-declare as an ISP?  I'm not 
*saying* I know anyone who's doing that, but...

(I also favour a so-called "flat tax", could you tell? <grin>)

Reducing the distinctions between ISP and Enterprise makes sense to me.
Unfortunately, I don't think the financial discussion can possibly 
happen only *after* the theoretical discussion, as originally postulated.
This is an area where IMO the usually-clear(ish) distinction between 
Community, AC, Board and Staff won't entirely work.


[1] I've heard it before, but the only reference I could find to it 
today was 
FWIW, Gen. D. MacArthur also said "Never give an order you know can't be 
obeyed", which isn't quite the same thing.
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