[arin-ppml] ARIN and the Evolution of the IANA Functions
Milton L Mueller
mueller at syr.edu
Fri Mar 21 23:08:41 EDT 2014
I am at the ICANN 49 meeting in Singapore, where the "evolution of the IANA functions" was a topic of heavy discussion and debate, which included Assistant Secretary of Commerce Larry Strickling.
Because the proposed transition raises a number of issues that could affect addressing, it's useful for this group to be aware of the proposed roadmap for the transition proposed by the Internet Governance Project. A short paper outlining our proposal is here:
Mueller, M. & Kuerbis, B. (2014, 03). Roadmap for globalizing IANA: Four principles and a proposal for reform http://www.internetgovernance.org/pdf/ICANNreformglobalizingIANAfinal.pdf
Our proposal contrasts sharply with the views being circulated by a few leaders of the RIRs, but not debated among the members:
The key point of contrast between the proposals is the role of ICANN. The I* leaders are proposing to eliminate the accountability function that the IANA contract with NTIA brought with it, allowing ICANN to simply absorb them because it is presumably more "mature" and well-behaved than it was, say, 10 years ago. Our proposal calls for structural separation of the DNS-related IANA and root zone maintenance functions, which has better accountability and transparency features.
Whatever one's view, the RIRs need to have a broader discussion of these issues among their members. A few staff members should not be allowed to speak for the RIR community as a whole. Further, the Commerce Department will require an open and consensual process before it will approve a transition plan
From: arin-ppml-bounces at arin.net [mailto:arin-ppml-bounces at arin.net] On Behalf Of ARIN
Sent: Thursday, March 20, 2014 11:20 AM
To: arin-ppml at arin.net
Subject: [arin-ppml] ARIN and the Evolution of the IANA Functions
** This announcement was also sent to arin-announce at arin.net. Our
apologies if you receive duplicate messages. **
On Friday 14 March, the United States Government announced that it intends to transition oversight of key Internet functions (including the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, or IANA) to the global multi-stakeholder community. It has asked ICANN to facilitate, in consultation with the global multi-stakeholder community, the development of a proposal for the transition.
Leaders of the I* Internet technical coordination organizations had met several times and in line with the Montevideo statement we had discussed some common principles for an evolution such as the one announced by the US Gov. Regular participants in those meeting, including their affiliated organizations, are noted here:
As outcome of their discussion, a common position was developed on the following points:
* The roles of all Internet registry policy bodies stay unchanged.
These bodies continue to hold policy authority for the protocol parameter, number, and name spaces, including responsibility to ensure the faithful registry implementation according to those policies.
* The IETF, IAB, and RIRs are committed to the role of ICANN as the IANA protocol parameter and IP address registry operator.
* ICANN reaffirms its commitment to implement all IANA registry functions in accordance with the respective policies. ICANN will also provide affirmations to all stakeholders (including governments) that all Internet registry policy bodies and ICANN itself will continue to use open and transparent processes.
The full text summarizing these points is included at the end of this email.
Separately, ICANN released a timeline that details its expectations of the multi-stakeholder consultation process. More information on these plans will undoubtedly come out of the upcoming ICANN Meeting in Singapore from 23-27 March. The timeline document is available here:
While this timeline focuses on ICANN meetings and events, it is clear that this process will not take place only in ICANN venues. The five RIR communities are key stakeholders in this process, and it is vital that we discuss these issues both within our regional communities and globally to ensure that our voices are heard and our concerns recognized. The stable, accurate and professional management of the IANA functions, including management of the global IP address pool, is fundamental to the operation of the Internet. It is important that we not lose sight of this fact as management of the IANA evolves to more faithfully reflect the multi-stakeholder nature of the Internet community.
In the ARIN community, these discussions will take place via the communication and discussion channels already in place, including the upcoming ARIN 33 meeting in Chicago this April. ARIN will continue to facilitate discussion and ensure that the output is effectively channeled into the global process.
If you have any thoughts, comments or questions at this time, I encourage you to raise them on ARIN's Public Policy mailing list, arin-ppml at arin.net.
If you aren't currently on this list, you can subscribe at:
I look forward to receiving your input on the mailing list and to further discussion at ARIN 33.
President and CEO
American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN)
Agreed text by the Leaders of I* organizations:
In order to ensure global acceptance and affirmation of ICANN's role as administrator of the IANA functions, we are now pursuing the transition of USG's stewardship of the IANA functions from the USG to ICANN. The roles of all Internet registry policy bodies (such as the RIRs, IAB, IETF, ASO, ccNSO, ccTLD ROs, and gNSO) stay unchanged. These bodies continue to hold policy authority for the protocol parameter, number, and name spaces, including responsibility to ensure the faithful registry implementation according to those policies.
This transition from the USG has been envisaged since the early days of ICANN. It is now feasible due to the growing maturity of ICANN and other organisations in the Internet ecosystem. ICANN's structures and accountability mechanisms continue to evolve and advance guided by the AoC community reviews, including ATRT. In addition, ICANN will continue to embrace its aggressive roadmap to truly globalize its structures.
In order to operationalize the transition from USG, ICANN will engage with the Internet community in a bottom-up public consultation process to ensure appropriate accountability mechanisms. In addition, ICANN will work with the names, numbers, and protocol communities to formalize relationships, commitments, and mutual responsibilities.
When community stakeholders have input about the policies emanating from the names, numbers, and protocol communities, they would be directed to pursue their interests through the relevant Internet communities (such as the gNSO, ccNSO, ccTLD ROs, ASO, IAB, IETF, or the RIRs) and their mechanisms for consideration and potential redress.
The IETF, IAB, and RIRs are committed to open and transparent processes.
They also are committed to the role of ICANN as the IANA protocol parameter and IP address registry operator. The accountability mechanisms for ICANN's administration of these core internet functions will provide escalation routes that assure the names, numbers, and protocol communities that if IANA's performance is lacking, those communities can pursue defined processes for improving performance, including pre-agreed independent 3rd party arbitration processes.
ICANN reaffirms its commitment to implement all IANA registry functions in accordance with the respective policies. ICANN will also provide affirmations to all stakeholders (including governments) from all Internet registry policy bodies and itself that all of us will use open and transparent processes.
You are receiving this message because you are subscribed to the ARIN Public Policy Mailing List (ARIN-PPML at arin.net).
Unsubscribe or manage your mailing list subscription at:
Please contact info at arin.net if you experience any issues.
More information about the ARIN-PPML