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[arin-ppml] Policy Proposal: 2008-5 - Staff Assessment

Policy Proposal: 2008-5
Title: Dedicated IPv4 block to facilitate IPv6 deployment
Submitted: 6 June 2008
Assessment: 8 October 2008


ARIN Staff Assessment

The assessment of this proposal includes comments from ARIN staff and
the ARIN General Counsel. It contains analysis of procedural, legal, and
resource concerns regarding the implementation of this policy proposal
as it is currently stated. Any changes to the language of the proposal
may necessitate further analysis by staff and Counsel.

I. Proposal

Policy Proposal is available below and at:
http://www.arin.net/policy/proposals/2008_5.html

II. Proposal Summary

ARIN staff understands that this policy would set aside a contiguous /10
to facilitate IPv6 deployment when ARIN receives its last /8 from IANA.

III. Comments

A. ARIN Staff

1. The timeframe for “immediate IPv6 deployment requirements” is not
defined anywhere within this policy. It is unclear whether staff would
issue a 30 day supply of addresses or a 6 month supply.

2. In section 3 of this policy, the author says “previous
allocations/assignments under this policy must meet the utilization
requirements of end user assignments. Is the author saying that for
subsequent allocations under this policy, the requestor must be at 80%
utilization? If so, then this needs to be stated explicitly rather than
referring to the current end user policy which is subject to change over
time.

3. Section 6 says that “recipient organizations must be members in good
standing of ARIN “ Membership isn't currently required to request new
resources from ARIN and end users who currently hold resources from ARIN
are generally not members of ARIN unless they pay a separate $500
membership fee. If the intent of this item is to ensure that all
organizations requesting resources under this policy have no outstanding
bills due to ARIN, then this is not needed because it is a current ARIN
business practice. ARIN will continue to issue resources only to
organizations that have paid their bills.

4. The policy proposal will affect DNS operations for independent
allocations made that are longer than a /24.


B. ARIN General Counsel

Counsel sees no significant legal or litigation risk regarding this policy.

IV. Resource Impact – Moderate

The resource impact of implementing this policy is viewed as minimal.
Barring any unforeseen resource requirements, this policy could be
implemented within 120-180 days from the date of the ratification of the
policy by the ARIN Board of Trustees. It will require the following:

· Updates to Guidelines will be required.
· Staff training will be required.
· The minimum/maximum block sizes, defined range, and sparse allocation
required by this policy would require software changes to registration
software.
· Operational modifications and guidelines for managing reverse DNS for
allocations longer than a /24 will be required.

Regards,

Member Services
American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN)


#####


Policy Proposal 2008-5
Dedicated IPv4 block to facilitate IPv6 deployment

Author: Alain Durand

Date: 6 June 2008

Proposal type: New

Policy term: Permanent

Policy statement:

When ARIN receives its last /8 IPv4 allocation from IANA, a contiguous
/10 IPv4 block will be set aside and dedicated to facilitate IPv6
deployment. Allocations and assignments from this block must be
justified by immediate IPv6 deployment requirements. Examples of such
needs include: IPv4 addresses for key dual stack DNS servers, and NAT-PT
or NAT464 translators. ARIN staff will use their discretion when
evaluating justifications.

This block will be subject to a minimum size allocation of /28 and a
maximum size allocation of /24. ARIN should use sparse allocation when
possible within that /10 block.

In order to receive an allocation or assignment under this policy:

   1. the applicant may not have received resources under this policy in
      the preceding six months;
   2. previous allocations/assignments under this policy must continue
      to meet the justification requirements of this policy;
   3. previous allocations/assignments under this policy must meet the
      utilization requirements of end user assignments;
   4. the applicant must demonstrate that no other allocations or
      assignments will meet this need;
   5. on subsequent allocation under this policy, ARIN staff may require
      applicants to renumber out of previously allocated / assigned
      space under this policy in order to minimize non-contiguous
      allocations;
   6. recipient organizations must be members in good standing of ARIN.

Rationale for reserving IPv4 space:

This policy provides predictability on how the end game of IPv4 is going
to be played after IANA completion. It will facilitate IPv6 deployment
by ensuring that some small chunks of IPv4 space will remain available
for a long time to ease the co-existence of IPv4 & IPv6.

Rationale for reserving a contiguous /10

This is a balance between setting aside too much space and not having
enough to facilitate IPv6 deployment for many years. Out of the last /8,
that would leave the equivalent of 3 /10 to ARIN either for business as
usual or for other policies in the spirit of this one.

A /10 represents 4,194,304 IP addresses, If all of them were to be used
in NAT-PT or NAT464 type devices with a consolidation factor of 100
users behind each IP address, that would represent about 400 million users.

Most networks today filter IPv4 announcements more specific than /24.
This policy creates allocations & assignment prefixes as long as /28.
Allocating out of a contiguous block will mitigate the impact of this
policy on filter lists.

Rationale for minimum size allocation of /28

This minimum size allocation will put a cap at 250k additional entries
in the global IPv4 routing table.

Rationale for maximum size allocation of /24 and for the 6 month delay
between allocations

This maximum allocation size coupled with the requirement of a 6 months
delay between allocations will prevent hoarding and make sure this pool
will last several years.

Rationale for forced renumbering for further allocation

The minimum allocation size of /28 may create a huge increase in the
IPv4 routing table size. Forcing renumbering for subsequent allocations
under this policy will somehow limit the growth of the routing table
size by enabling the announcement of aggregated space. It is expected
that the savings in routing table entries will outweigh the pain of
forced renumbering.

However, renumbering is never an easy task, so it should only be
considered as last resort. it is expected that sparse allocation
techniques will prevent the need of force renumbering for a fairly long
time.

Note: This policy proposal hints that the /10 should come out of the
last /8 received by ARIN from IANA. However, it does not say so
explicitly, leaving the final decision up to the ARIN staff.

Timetable for implementation:

As soon as ARIN gets its last /8 allocation from IANA.